Biological Research Center
Botanical Garden "Vasile Fati" Jibou
The Botanical Gardens are institutions in which are presented and studied collections of alive plants cultivated in natural or of greenhouse conditions.
The works for the organization of the Botanical Garden from Jibou started between the years 1959-1968, when V. Fati, a biology teacher, with the students and with the other teachers manages to prove that the parks around Wesselenyi Castle, where the high school was functioning is appropriate for a botanical garden.
We must mention the fact that, as the teacher V. Fati confesses, the old park was in a pitiful state, giving evident signs of oldness, and there felt the need for ample measurements of reorganization and replanting.
For this a study on the pedoclimatic and floral conditions was done under the guidance and with the advices of the botanists of the time: Al. Borza, Ion Tarnavschi, Emil Topa, O. Ratiu, Felician Micle, etc.
On their recommendations and the paper that were done the memoir of foundation of the Botanical Garden was elaborated. Through special efforts, the teacher Vasile Fati obtains the foundation deed and the mastership in October 1968.
The Botanical Garden is situated in the north-east side of the town Jibou, on the second bank of the river Somes. The journey of its establishment was long and hard, with fulfillments, but also with disappointments, having a rather stormy history.
It was around the local high school. After three years it becomes an independent unity. Between the years 1974-1990 it functioned under the name of Young Naturalist's Resort. Being organized on the principle of the pioneer's houses, after the revolution needed to be restructured. For this a memoir was elaborated, and on its base the Romanian Government approved the foundation of the Biological Research Center Jibou, in which the Botanical Garden is the main area of activity, besides the research, the micro-production and the treasure house and aquarium activities.
Between the years 1968-1970 the first greenhouse of 110 square meters was built through own efforts: “the footing at the first greenhouse was molded with the help of the students, of the administrative staff and some of the teachers”, an eye-witness remarked. Six greenhouses were built, destined to shelter the tropical, subtropical and Mediterranean collections of plants, two laboratories incorporated in the greenhouses complex, a thermal power-plant. At these works the yardmen from the Romanian Railways roundhouse helped.
Between the years 1978-1982, the two greenhouses were built, the aquarium and the volar, real architectural jewels, a spatial construction with an exceptional architecture. In the same time six other micro production greenhouses were built, destined for the production of cut and at flower pot flowers in order to capitalize them in the store at the gate.
Parallel to these accomplishments we observe the efforts of experts in developing the basic plant stock, firstly by the refinement of the native-born, through the donation of some botanical gardens and through exchanges with other gardens and same profile unities from the country and from the outside. The first donation came from Cluj.
After the revolution the unity developed unprecedented, the pilot was built – the heart of research, the first orchids were obtained through the method of cultivating “in vitro”. A modern aquarium with over 40 species of marine and sweet water fish was installed, an amazonian gallery, a new Japanese garden, the systematic sector.
The Botanical Garden “Vasile Fati” is organized in compartments, each compartment groups the plants from one point of view, a complex of collection micro production and research greenhouses, an aquarium, a zoological park, a beautiful and modern Japanese garden.
The Botanical Garden “Vasile Fati” in incorporated in the Botanical Gardens' Association from Romania(B.G.A.R) with the other botanical gardens. This association developed “from the necessity of accomplishing a much more convincing involvement of the botanical gardens in the action of conserving the diversity of plants in a national and European level.”(F. Micle)
In 2007, the teacher Vasile Fati, after a hard suffering, died. Until that moment he managed the Botanical Garden aptly and with a lot of passion for almost 40 years, participating at all the transformations that the unity has been through. The bust from the garden as well as the name of the Botanical Garden “Vasile Fati” represent a proof of the tribute brought by his disciples to him who was the founder of this edifice of culture and botanical science.
Nowadays the Botanical Garden is a multi-functional center of education, learning and research. It is a scientific and didactic base for the biologic learning, an institution of education of the respect for nature, for all that is beautiful and true.